spoliation


spoliation
/spowliyeyshan/ The intentional destruction of evidence and when it is established, fact finder may draw inference that evidence destroyed was unfavorable to party responsible for its spoliation. State v. Langlet, Iowa, 283 N.W.2d 330, 333.
Such act constitutes an obstruction of justice. The destruction, or the significant and meaningful alteration of a document or instrument. Application of Bodkin, D.C.N.Y., 165 F.Supp. 25, 30.
Any change made on a written instrument by a person not a party to the instrument. Such a change will have no effect, provided that the original tenor of the instrument can still be ascertained

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:

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  • spoliation — [ spɔljasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1425; lat. spoliatio ♦ Didact. Action de spolier; son résultat. « Les acquéreurs se feraient [...] complices de la spoliation » (Romains). ● spoliation nom féminin (latin spoliatio) Littéraire. Action de déposséder par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • spoliation — spo·li·a·tion /ˌspō lē ā shən/ n 1: the destruction, alteration, or mutilation of evidence esp. by a party for whom the evidence is damaging 2: alteration or mutilation of an instrument (as a will) by one who is not a party to the instrument… …   Law dictionary

  • Spoliation — Spo li*a tion (sp[=o] l[i^]*[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [L. spoliatio: cf. F. spoliation. See {Spoil}, v. t.] 1. The act of plundering; robbery; deprivation; despoliation. [1913 Webster] Legal spoliation, which will impoverish one part of the community in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spoliation — Spoliation. s. f. v. Despouïllement. Avant sa spoliation …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Spoliation — (v. lat.), Beraubung, Plünderung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Spolĭation — (lat.), Beraubung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Spoliation — (lat.), Beraubung; spoliieren, plündern …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • spoliation — c.1400, from L. spoliationem (nom. spoliatio) a robbing, plundering, pillaging, noun of action from spoliare to plunder, rob (see SPOIL (Cf. spoil)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • spoliation — Spoliation, Spoliatio …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • spoliation — [spō΄lē ā′shən] n. [ME spoliacioun < L spoliatio: see SPOIL] 1. a spoliating or being spoliated; robbery; plundering 2. the act of spoiling or damaging 3. Law the destruction or alteration of a document by an unauthorized person …   English World dictionary

  • Spoliation — Confiscation La confiscation est une sanction décidée par une autorité qui s approprie les biens d une personne ou d une entreprise sans contrepartie. Sommaire 1 Notions voisines 2 Confiscation générale et confiscation spécifique 3 Confiscation… …   Wikipédia en Français